One of the earliest conceptions of creativity was Guilford’s (1950, 1967) structure of intellect model. Guilford placed creativity into a larger framework of intelligence as he attempted to organize all of human cognition along three dimensions. The first dimension was called “operations” and simply meant the mental gymnastics needed for any kind of task. The second dimension, “content,” referred to the general subject area. The third dimension, “product,” represented the actual products that might result from different kinds of thinking in different kinds of subject matters. With 5 opera- tions, 4 contents, and 6 products, Guilford’s model had 120 different possible mental abilities (Guilford, 1967). He later expanded the model to include 180 different abilities, though the 120 abilities model is the one more often studied (Guilford, 1988).
The basic processing mechanism of the first route comprises two processors: verbal and spatial. These two processess should be normally distributed, uncorrelated with each other, and have their own unique explanatory powers.
Foto von Julia Brogle